“Campania a region where Pompeii is in..”
From the Italian region of Campania lies the city of Pompeii. Campania region are known for their very fertile ground. The equator is along the Mediterranean and the combination of these makes the whole region one of the most fertile ground/soil in the world also known as the breadbasket of Italy. Unfortunately a catastrophe hit Herculaneum and Pompeii both city was destroyed and completely buried in ashes and other volcanic materials cause by the eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius in the year 79 A.D. Pompeii was lost and forgotten for almost 1700 years before it’s accidental rediscovery in 1974. This event has piqued the curiosity of great archeologist and scientist to continue and rediscover the two lost cities of the Roman Empire. During excavation every findings or artifact provide great insight of what is life in Pompeii before.
Standing from afar a picture can be viewed when you are in the vicinity of Vesuvius; From there we can vividly see the cities by its foot of which one is Pompeii. The town is located in the Southern part of Italy near Naples Bay or Golfo Di Napoli. Pompeii is located in Campania, Southern Roman territory. The area is surrounded by different landforms and bodies of water. In the northern part of the city can be seen the River of Volturno.
The city is also among Apennines and Sorrento Peninsula. Plains in Pompeii were made fertile because of the volcanic eruptions. At the western part of the city we can see the beautiful sceneries of Golfo Di Napoli.
“What takes place in Pompeii..”
It was hundred years before Mt. Vesuvius released its wrath when the city of Pompeii was established by the Oscans. These were the early Italic who left their homes and moved to Campania. Which positively indicates that Oscans were the first settlers of Pompeii? The city was divided by their chieftains or leaders. Even though that there population was separated they still developed the same religious and political aspects in their life. Houses were established according to its location. They use stones from the mountains, which became their medium for house construction. Samnites invaded the city around 424BC. They came down from the Apennine Mountains and continued to live in the city for around two centuries. They reconstructed the city with the influence of Hellenic art. Their homes became lovely and excellently made. They’ve also erected statues and monuments around the city. Thanks to the Samnites Pompeii became a beautiful fortress.
The city was dedicated to Venus, the Roman goddess of love and beauty. We can see by the sculptures and buildings inside the city that Pompeii was greatly influenced by Roman culture. The center of the city is called “The Civic Forum”. Commerce, religion, politics and entertainment was the main purpose of this place. Latin was the settlers medium for conversation in Pompeii. Merchants or businessmen made their trades here. Political events are also handled in the municipality. As for their religious purpose in the local environment a Temple of Jupiter erected in the end of the square. This temple was their place of worship. Minerva and Juno are also adored inside the Temple of Jupiter.
There are also different temples in Pompeii for Apollo, Isis, Vespasian and Lares. While traveling along the cities murals and stories about their Gods, Goddesses, heroes, mythical creatures and historical events are painted on the walls of the city. This Pompeian art was called fresco. Like the Coliseums in Rome, Pompeii also has their own version but smaller. There were two amphitheaters in the city. Amphitheaters serve as a stage for entertainment.
However, all of these beauty and culture was buried deep in the ashes of Mt. Vesuvius when it erupted in the year of 79 A.D. After many years excavations were made soon after Herculaneum was discovered by Charles Bourbon. All of its beauties are now inside Naples National Archaeological Museum.